Wednesday, 19 October 2011

Labour VS Work (Extra Post)

Why is there a need for an occupational service?

According to Arendt, (1958),
"Labour is the activity which corresponds to the biological process of the human body, whose spontaneous growth, metabolism, and eventual decay are bound to the vital necessities produced and fed into the life process by labour. The human condition of labour is life itself".
In contrast Arendt, (1958), defines work as,
"The activity which corresponds to the unnaturalness of human existence"

Reflecting on these quotes I believe cooking dinner is definitely an everyday necessity and process of labour otherwise we would not survive for long (I know I wouldn't!). The food we process by labour is consumed basically straight away and has no enduring quality unless there are left overs! However, as I have stated in a previous blog, my cooking has components of work in it as it can be a choice and is something I enjoy doing that allows me to be a responsible human being and helpful family member.

On Thursday night it was my night to make dinner, I didn't exactly feel excited to cook as I was tired from the week, however this had to be done. I had put the corn beef in the slow cooker during the day so all I needed to do was prepare vegetables to go with it. I was planning to go to the gym so I was aware of my time constraint. I decided to do my favourite vegetables, kumara, pumpkin, carrots and broccoli. I had to make sure I prepared enough as we had a guest coming over for dinner.

This brings up the question, why is there a need for this occupational service? Well I cook for different reasons (sometimes labour, sometimes work) however, in this case it was a labour role. Maslow's Hierachy of Needs shows the basic fundamentals for survival including water, food, shelter, and surviving illness which all need to be met for one to survive and have a balanced life.

Comments I have posted on other students blogs:

References I have used throughout my six blog postings:

Arendt, H. (1958). The Human Condition. Chicago: Chicago University Press.

Baer, R. (Ed.). (2006). Mindfulness Based Treatment Approaches: Clinician's Guide to Evidence Base and Applications. United States of America: Elsevier Inc.

Creek, J., & Lawson-Porter, A. (Eds.). (2007). Contemporary Issues in Occupational Therapy. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

Christiansen, C. & Townsend, E. (2004). Introduction to Occupation: The Art and Science of Living. New Jersey: Pearson Education Inc.

Hagedorn, R. (2000). Tools for Practice in Occupational Therapy: A Structured Approach to Core Skills and Processes. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone
Visser, (1986). Much Depends on Dinner. New York: Grove Press

Tuesday, 18 October 2011

Practical Considerations

According to Christiansen & Townsend (2004), practical considerations influence how we engage in our activities or occupations. It is the supply of objects or tools necessary to effectively perform and engage in our occupations.

In light of this quote I can see that the fit between my activity of cooking and the influences practical considerations have on cooking are a considerable factor. This afternoon I decided to make a bacon and egg pie for dinner, simple and delicious. I was trying to get my ingredients together and find the filo pastry in the freezer however this simple task turned out to be not so simple. My four family members were all in the kitchen rummaging around making their own food for their afternoon tea, making it extremely difficult to prepare my bacon and egg pie. The practical consideration within this was the size of our kitchen. There was not enough room for us all to be in there and this influenced my cooking and attitude toward my cooking. We all tried to stick to a part of the kitchen each and pass each other utensils we each needed to allow for a relaxed kitchen experience. We were running low on baking dishes and cutlery as they had not been cleaned from the night before. This was a practical consideration I did not like the look of and was not surprised about. Dishes in our house are one thing everybody puts off until it ultimately needs to be done. Once I had washed up and put the pie in the oven I was able to clean up the mess I had made while preparing it. Thank god for dishwashers!


Christiansen, C. & Townsend, E. (2004). Introduction to Occupation: The Art and Science of Living. New Jersey: Pearson Education Inc.


"Ambience describes the feeling created by a particular nature of an activity when it is being done for itself".
(Butler, personal communication, 2011).

The fit between ambience and the environment for me, is the atmosphere and impression in the kitchen and how the mood in that specific environment affects how I feel while cooking.

It was a sunny Sunday afternoon and all I felt like doing was cooking a delicious meal to match the weather. My family and I were planning to have a barbeque outside because of the nice weather. I felt a peaceful and stress free atmosphere when I walked into the kitchen/lounge area and once I saw that the bench was clear, my mood lifted immediately and I started preparing dinner. Some relaxing New Zealand music was playing in the background and this created an ambient atmosphere for me to work my magic. The atmosphere is important when cooking as it not only effects how I cook but how the food tastes too! I am not one to have an interest in Feng Shui however, I believe a factor that influences our engagement in occupations is that if we want to enjoy our cooking experience it seems as though it is necessary we feel positive and comfortable in our environment! As I have mentioned in my previous blogs, depending on the influences and convenience of cooking dinner, labour is the framework I identified cooking to be. However, in this case it was so enjoyable it really only felt like work!

Affordances cont.

Here is a poem that is demonstrating connections between areas of my cooking:
This is the house called home,
This is the kitchen in the house called home,
This is the draw that holds the cutlery in the kitchen, that is in the house called home,
This is the dirty knife in the draw, that holds the cutlery in the kitchen, that is in the house called home,
This is the chicken that was cut with the knife, that is in the draw, that holds the cutlery in the kitchen, in the house called home,
This is the meal that was made with the chicken, that was cut with the knife, that is in the draw that holds the cutlery in the kitchen, in the house called home.

Ethically, there are always good and bad parts of cooking dinner such as eating (good) and cleaning up (bad) which i am sure everyone agrees with me on! Sometimes it can feel like a job and sometimes it can feel relaxing and invigorating. Cleaning, paying for the ingredients, finding out you have got the wrong ingredients, and cutting some foods for example, onions can feel like a burden however the joys of eating and preparing something everybody enjoys over rides this making most cooking experiences enjoyable for me!

Memories are one component of my cooking that are really evident. One memory that really stands out for me in relation to cooking is a certain spoon in our cutlery draw. When we had our pet cat we had a special spoon for her cat food which we would never eat from just in case! Whenever I come across this spoon or someone picks it out accidently it reminds me of our cat which brings back good memories! Another memory is smells in the kitchen. There is a lamb and vegetable salad I make every now and then which has rosemary and other spices on it, whenever I smell these it reminds me of this meal and where I first made it!

Wednesday, 21 September 2011


According to Hagedorn, (2000), Affordance is 'anything which the environment can offer the individual which is pertinent to the role challenge and can facilitate role competence'.

In light of this quote, I believe affordance is an important component of ergonomics in the way that it links a specific activity (cooking) with another activity, allowing us to make connections to factors such as spirituality, ethics, communication and memories that all play a part in my specific activity. From my personal experience of cooking I have identified that there is definitely a partnership between my family and I, and also a caring component as we have to be organised and think about the times everyone will be at home. There is also respect shown as I understand the importance of relaxing after a hard day of work and having dinner cooked for you. Moral sense is also an important factor, I do this by making sure I turn off the oven, washing dishes after cooking and washing my hands before touching any food.

Communication within the kitchen is a non-verbal sense of communication however if a family member is in the kitchen with me there is a verbal relationship. The primary relationship involved in the activity is parent / child and in some ways tutor / learner as if I am making a meal that is new to me I often ask my parents questions which allows me to learn from them.
There is definitely a spiritual side to my cooking, when I am organised and relaxed I can enjoy preparing, making and experimenting with new meals and take in the environment around me. Visser, (1986) quotes an interesting point; "as soon as we can count on a food supply (and so take food for granted), not a moment sooner, we start to civilise ourselves". I feel a strong connection to this quote as I believe in our society today food is something we take for granted and it is nice to stop, think and realise how special our food really is. I gain inspiration through magazines, recipe books and my mother as I love to learn to cook some meals that she makes especially her lemon cake and ouzo salad yum!



Hagedorn, R. (2000). Tools for Practice in Occupational Therapy: A Structured Approach to Core Skills and Processes. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone

Visser, (1986). Much Depends on Dinner. New York: Grove Press

Wednesday, 14 September 2011


This is my second blog for the semester focusing on the activity of cooking. It will be based around ergonomics. Enjoy :)

Pheasant (1986) defines ergonomics as "the scientific study of human beings in relation to their working environments". The main factors around ergonomics are the interrelationships of person, environment and the activities the person participates in. As occupational therapists we are often called upon to make decisions about whether the competence of an individual has shifted in regard to their preferred and habitual activities.

In relation to my activity of cooking, I can make links to ergonomics as it influences the way I cook and view cooking. I have been continuing to try new recipes and put more effort into my meals. I do try to make meals that everybody in my family enjoys eating however we are all busy people and get home at different hours of the afternoon. We all make an effort to accommodate for this to make sure everybody gets dinner. When we have just been shopping and have fresh vegetables and delicious food to prepare I tend to have more time and am more adventurous when I cook. It really does depend on what is bought at the supermarket and what seasonal foods are cheap to what is made for dinner. It is common in our household that if there is little options or the day has dragged on, a quick easy meal is the best choice. Personally I feel that cooking is labour but has components of work linked within it as it is something I have to do to feed my family. However, I enjoy having that role/responsibility and it doesn't always feel like a chore as I get great satisfaction out of making a nice meal! According to Creek & Lawson-Porter (2007), "work requires self-investment, skill, craft and personal judgement. Work is purposeful and meaningful". It can also create community for me and my family as we help each other out with chopping the vegetables or whatever the task may be which is a time we can ask how each other's day went.


Creek, J., & Lawson-Porter, A. (Eds.). (2007). Contemporary Issues in Occupational Therapy. Chichester. John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

Hagedorn (2000). Tools for Practice in Occupational Therapy: A Structured Approach to Core Skills and Processes. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone

Thursday, 8 September 2011

PIO 2: Mindfulness

Activity: Cooking
In PIO 2 the main occupational activity I will be focusing on is cooking dinner. The purpose of this post is to introduce and share my previous experiences of cooking, being mindful while cooking and how cooking relates to occupational therapy. I will touch on how cooking can be used in occupational therapy and examples of how cooking can be hindered for my own personal cooking experiences. According to Baer, (2006), "mindfulness enriches the experience of the moment and brings new, accurate information about yourself and the world to life"

Preparing and cooking dinner is something I have recently started having more input into. Previously I have prepared and cooked basic meals such as pasta, salads etc however I am now starting to experiment with more complex meals/dishes. Since coming back from Wellington for my course placement I have gained more independence in cooking as I was cooking most nights and having to think ahead for the day. I am interested in learning how to make more recipies and I have made a starting point by buying a recipie book and I am writing recipies I like and collecting cut outs and recipies from magazines and newspapers.

Cooking dinner can be enjoyable but can also sometimes feel like a chore. When I have succeeded in making a dinner meal I feel proud of my achievements and it is a nice way of helping out around the home. Cooking can also be relaxing especially when it is a nice evening and you are preparing a barbeque or outdoor meal.

How cooking can be used in occupational therapy
As preparing and cooking dinner for one or ones family is a huge part of daily occupation, to lose this ability can be a huge personal loss. Meaningful occupation is the main focus in occupational therapy, when a client needs to work on their motor and processing skills, cooking mindfully and focusing on making a meal can be a helpful and meaningful intervention technique for improving these skills. Cooking can also be a therapeutic intervention for clients and can work as a way of relaxing or improving confidence in getting back into their meaningful occupation.

Cooking mindfully (expanding your thoughts around a specific activity) could be hindered by time constraints, availability of food, distractions such as children, short attention span, visitors etc. If I have decided to make a meal with meat in it I will get it out of the freezer to let it thaw for the day however, I sometimes either do not have time or forget to do this so I will compensate and make a meal that doesn't require any preparation.


Baer, R. (Ed.). (2006). Mindfulness Based Treatment Approaches: Clinician's Guide to Evidence Base and Applications. United States of America: Elsevier Inc.

Sunday, 3 April 2011

Tutorial 8 - Assistive technology

Cook & Hussey, (1993) states that the definition of assistive technology is: "Any item, piece of equipment or product system whether acquired commercially off the shelf, modified or customised that is used to increase or improve functional capabilities of individuals with disabilities".

Important components of this definition are: Commercial, modified and customised devices which provides many applications. Emphasises functional capabilities of individuals with disabilities. Emphasis on individual persons with disabilities underscores the importance of treating each application of technology as a unique circumstance (Cook & Hussey, 1993).

My personal definition of assistive technology is: "Equipment or a helpful device which can accommodate a disabled individuals functioning".

A piece of assistive technology equipment introduced in our participation in occupation tutorial with Trev was the big step by step. This is a communication tool which gives children the ability to have a conversation with others through sequential recorded messages and improves occupational capacity. More than one message can be recorded which you play back and forward. To make a voice message you push the record button to speak then push down the big green button on the top which will then replay the message to the person. This piece of equipment has a 130mm bright button and is run on 9 vault battery's. It is very common in schools and at places such as idea services with high needs adults. It is an expensive piece of equipment - $340 approximately. It is worth paying this price as it can allow the child to feel 'normal' and be able to communicate in a way in which others can understand.

BIG Step-by-Step is perfect for recording:
• Verses of song or poem
• Steps in a recipe
• Short social scripts to encourage conversational turn-taking
• Giving a series of instructions
• Asking a series of questions

• Interchangeable switch tops in Red, Yellow, Green and Blue
• Two minutes recording time
• Crystal clear voice quality at all volumes
• 130mm diameter button
• Volume control and ON/OFF switch with sleep mode
• Plays entire message regardless of repetitive switch hits
• External switch jack for specialty switch operations
• Message repeat feature to replay one message in the series
• Includes Snap Switch Cap, makes placing, protecting, viewing and changing symbols a snap
• Toy/Appliance cable included

Here is a photograph of the big step by step

I have chosen to use a different peice of assistive technology for my technology application report.


Cook, A & Hussey, S. (1993). Assistive Technologies: Principles and Practice. Mosby, Year book - inc: St Louis, Missouri.

Star Educational LTD Special Technology and Resources. (n.d). Big step-by-step communicator. Retrieved April, 13 2011 from

Tuesday, 29 March 2011

Tutorial 7 will be based on making links to online blogs related to occupational therapy practice, and making the link to fellow students blogs.

I have made links shown on the right of my blog page to the Travel Blog, NZAOT (New Zealand Association of Occupational Therapists, The Hamilton Connection (Hilary's blog), Google, and the 2011 Participation in Occupation Course Blog.

I have also made links to fellow OT students, Milly, Alex, and Paula and Yasmin as followers.
An interesting youtube clip was posted on The Hamilton Connection blog, this is an example of a conversation between myself and hilary on her blog using the snipping tool:

Tuesday, 22 March 2011

Tutorial six is going to be based around the internet and online communities of personal occupation and interest. The three online communities I have researched are:
The purpose of this social networking site is to allow individuals to meet and socialise with anyone around the world through the internet. It is a good way to keep in contact with friends, family and others overseas or in the same country. Photos and videos can be uploaded and shared and comments and status's can be pasted onto the individuals personal page. Facebook provides the right to have privacy. For example, you are able to change your privacy settings so that anybody can see your page or so that only your friends can view your page. Privacy is an important service to have on facebook as many people want to avoid any negativity on their page.
Twitter is similar to facebook in the way of keeping up to date with your friends and writing status's etc. Difference is, on twitter there is no adding or declining a person, anyone can view your twitter account. This is good for individuals that want to keep up with their favorite celebrity or industry peer. People 'tweet' their feelings or things that are happening at that point in time. The site is very interactive as you can view basically anybody's twitter page and be updated in just seconds! It is the best way to share and discover what is happening right now.

Here is an example of the types of topics (status's) that are discussed/said on twitter:

Top Tweets View all
Second life is an online 3D virtual world where users can socialise, customise a person, connect and create using free voice and texts, and travel away to your favorite destinations. It is another way of socialising but with fake made up people. People enjoy taking part in second life because it fosters a sense of community and allows you to experience other types of experiences for example, schizophrenia. Some people seek fun and entertainment but others may seek a sense of self worth and can make them feel better about themselves being able to choose how their (virtual world life) goes.

"When you enter second life for the first time, you will start on welcome island. This area is designed to quickly teach you the basics of second life including walking, zooming with your camera, chatting, standing, sitting, flying and teleporting. Along the way you will be rewarded with entertaining surprises" (Second life website, n.d.).

Here is an example of the types of things you can do on Second life:

Community in Second Life

Connect with Friends and Meet New People
In Second Life, there's always someone to talk to, dance with, learn from or perhaps even love. You can meet people all over the world without ever leaving your home. And here, there's no jet lag and the clubs are always open.

ETHICAL ISSUES: (2011) defines ethical issues as, "problem or situation which requires a person or organisation to choose between alternatives that must be evaluated as right (ethical) or wrong (unethical).
Here is a link to an interesting online article about the ethical issues included in second life in the past including copyright infringement, spamming, and using multiple identities.

Ethical issues that relate to facebook is mainly focused on privacy. Social networking sites such as Facebook share information about the user over the internet, where it can be freely accessed by anyone. This is where issues of privacy to the individual arise. Facebook has 11 Social & Ethical Issues of Information Systems specific to facebook.

Twitter is a reasonably safe social network to be a part of. Here is a link to a website on twitter ethical dilemmas that may occur. Something to think about.

We all love real life geographical communities like our local community, neighbourhood or suburb. But online communities are increasingly getting better. People are communicating through internet just as much as face to face. Although these virtual communities can become 'addictive' they are a great way of communicating and provide a simple way of getting through to others.

Online communities do have some downfalls. For example, even though we can put a smiley face or sad face on our facebook comments and write what we think, it can still very easily come across the wrong way to the person reading it. This is something that lets communicating online down as you are not having that actual contact with the person and can not see facial expressions etc like traditional communities do.

References: (2011). What is ethical issues? Retrieved March 23, 2011 from:
Second life website. (n.d.). What is second life? Retrieved March 23, 2011 from:
Tutorial five - Video Production Sessions
"A virtual community or online community is a group of people that may or may not primarily or initially communicate or interact via the internet. online communities have also become a supplemental form of communication between people who know each other in real life" (Community and virtual community information, 2007).

YouTube is a place where you can share, upload and view YouTube clips from around the world all by just typing YouTube into your computer.  It provides a forum for individuals to upload videos of almost anything that isn't offensive. Although this is hard to control. YouTube is used to upload video blogs, personal recordings, teaching sessions, anything you desire really! Some YouTube clips become huge phenomenons which gain millions and millions of views and often reach the news or the paper.

Occupational therapists work with many different people and many different disabilities. Here is a very inspirational video from YouTube about Dick and Rick Hoyt. The father competes with his son in a triathlon because his handicapped son has told him that he feels free when he is with him like he is doing the same thing so the father actually hauls him along. This is very special and any O.T would just love this!


Here is another YouTube clip about a quadriplegic sufferer speaking to Occupational Therapy students about his limitations, positive and negative areas etc and how we as O.T students can help them with compensatory techniques:


This next video provides an outlook of Quadriplegia and the speaker notes how occupational therapy helps him to learn how to dress and do activities of daily living (ADL'S), and how he can get back to as best as possible he quotes "you can't go south because these people are holding you up":


"Sensory integration refers to how people use the information provided by all the sensations coming from within the body and from the external environment" (FamilyEducation, 2011). Here is a YouTube video of how occupational therapy can help children with sensory integration and sensory processing disorders:


The last video i have for you is a child with autism named Nik dancing on stage to Michael Jackson. Who said people with autism cant dance?? Occupational therapists will love this video as he is living life as normally as possible and is not afraid to do what he enjoys!



Community and virtual community information. Retrieved March 23rd 2011 from: www.wikipedia/virtualcommunity

FamilyEducation. (2011). What is Sensory Integration? Retrieved march 23rd 2011 from:

Tuesday, 15 March 2011

This blog post will be based around video production sessions.
We were set a task of making a 30second movie with a theme of what is the letter? Storyboarding was used by cutting and editing sections of the video.
Here is the short video:

The letter was T :)
Tutorial 3 consisted of editing my blog, creating a google account, and uploading photos onto my flickr account :)

Saturday, 5 March 2011

Tutorial 2: The focus of this post is to show an understanding of digital image capturing, storage and distribution of digital still images.

There are many types of technologies around us that we incorporate into our daily lives. Hardware and software i am familiar with are: Cellphones, Digital cameras/video cameras, ipod's, laptops, anti-virus cd-roms for computers, computer games, photoshop, photo editing pages, microsoft office programmes for example, word, publisher, excel. Hardware such as, usb and hard drives are used commonly in everyday life for saving and storing information.

Digital imaging can provide information for people all over the world through the use of the internet. Sites such as, Facebook, Flickr and Myspace are all types of social networking information technology that provides photographs, video recordings and voice over podcasts for any individual. Online learning, for example, studying by correspondence is very dependable on online digital imaging for information, especially for visual learners.

Here are some sites that use digital imaging:

"A new technology is rarely superior to an old one in every feature"

Digital camera's are more efficient and time manageable than traditional film camera's as you can view the picture (digital image) you took straight away. There are many settings on a modern day digital camera which make for an exciting photograph such as: zoom, flash, video recording, timer, computer connection, memory stick, red eye reduction, brightness/darkness measures, focus, optical zoom + digital zoom, mega pixel, playback option for videos, and many more depending on the complexity of the camera. Traditional film based camera's are very different in the way of technology. As it is not an option to view your photograph before printing on a film based camera you have to wait until you have got the film developed to view them. A plus of having a film based camera is that photos are often quite beautiful in the way of capturing the essence of a moment. They tend to look more "old" looking and work better with dark room photography.

Here is a youtube clip to show the difference between digital vs film.

Capturing images and the use of information technology can sometimes be unsafe. Ethical issues such as person permission, ownership rights, informed consent, copyright and privacy issues should be addressed or taken into consideration when using photographs or others or editing photos.

Occupational Therapy practice is now more commonly using digital imaging as a tool to show client progress. Photography is also used to show housing modifications or areas where this may need to happen.

Tuesday, 1 March 2011

This post relates to tutorial one and will talk about Information Technology and Ethical Issues.

According to (eHow, 2011), a definition of Information Technology is; "The study, design, development, implementation, support or management of computer-based information systems, particularly software applications and computer hardware". Personally I view Information Technology as a type of engineering relating to computers and telecommunication to gain information which is continuously progressing.

Technology is a large part of our society and is involved in our daily lives in some way, whether it be using your cellphone, sending an email or using a piece of machinery. An example of IT being used for medical health care resulting in reduced costs is shown in this YouTube clip:

As i have been bought up around alot of technology, I feel i am comfortable using basic IT technology such as, cellphones, computers, laptops, hard drives. Technology can be very frustrating at times but i feel it is always developing and is always improving with companies developing new technologies for society to experience.

Technology has lead to changes in the way we live and as Occupational Therapist's we aim to use technology that is most relevant and up to date for the best possible outcome. IT is used in many medical professions including Occupational Therapy. O.T offices use IT to keep records of clients and for important information at easy access. Hospitals also have Medical/Hospital databases that hold client information. IT can be used as a treatment tool or enabling agent although ethical issues need to be considered when using IT around clients. For example, A professional needs to be aware when talking/using clients information or writing notes as they are able to ask to view the documents. Also, OT's commonly use computer games or phones to engage clients.

IT related equipment is frequently used in Occupational Therapy. This allows clients to become more independent in their rehab. This very interesting YouTube clip shows the use of IT (Mobile technology) in Occupational Therapy practice: This is a great way to reduce exclusion of disabled people and improve their Occupational performance.  

Ethical implications are an area to consider when using IT. Informed consent and permission are important when copying/sharing photos, mobile phone numbers or others personal information. Also information on websites is not always trustworthy so it is always a good idea to check the validity.

(, 2011) defines intellectual property as; "Any intangible asset that consists of human knowledge and ideas. Some examples are patents, copyrights, trademarks and software"
Personally i would define Intellectual Property as your own personal knowledge, idea's or IQ. An example of how intellectual property and I.T are shown/experienced in O.T practice is on my 4 week placement i experienced writing a lot of client notes about what we saw/observed with my supervisor which were then added into the computer database for that specific client.  

"Social Justice is a form of Justice that improves the social life or freedom and living to people" (, 2011).  I would describe social justice as fair treatment between people. A consideration of social justice and I.T in O.T practice could be using a hoist to move somebody safely., (2010) defines informed consent as, "A legal condition whereby a person can be said to have given consent based upon a full appreciation and understanding of the facts and implications of any actions, with the individual being in position of all his faculties". My personal definition of informed consent is, Giving consent or granting permission knowing the full implications and risks involved in a certain situation. An example of a consideration of informed consent and IT in OT Practice is, accepting terms and conditions of doing an online test. Informed consent from the client/individual is necessary for the Occupational Therapist to gain for ethical reasons.  

APA Reference list: (2011). Social Justice. Retrieved March, 3, 2011 from:

eHow. (2011). What is the definition of information technology? Retrieved March, 2, 2011 from: (2011). Intellectual Property. Retrieved March, 2, 2011 from: (2010). Informed Consent. Retrieved 03 March 2011 from: 


Originally uploaded by Pinny6


Originally uploaded by Pinny6


Originally uploaded by Pinny6


Originally uploaded by Pinny6

Waihi beach

Waihi beach
Originally uploaded by Pinny6

Opito bay

Opito bay
Originally uploaded by Pinny6


Hello blog world.
My blog for my participation in occupation paper is now up and running for you to view and comment on. My future posts will be posted weekly referring to my tutorial worksheets.